Finnish Forest Policy
Finnish forest policy experienced a complete overhaul in the 1990’s at the same time as The Nature Conservation Act was being created. The new Forest Act focussed on sustainable forest management, which encompasses ecological, social and economic aspects of forest management.
Prepared as an open process between stakeholders in Finnish forest issues, the National Forest Programme (NFP) is instrumental in ensuring forest-based livelihoods and employment, biodiversity and social opportunities such as recreation for all Finnish citizens. The NFP essentially forms the foundation of all Finnish forest policy.
The NFP was first approved by the Finnish Government in 1999, and was implemented in 2000 and coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry with the assistance of the Forest Council. The Forest Council is an advisory board that has been set up to support the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. NGO’s, forest industries and other administrative sectors have representatives within the Forest Council.